Small reservoirs offer big benefits down the road

A rare look at the filling of two new reservoirs on the plains and how they’ll help stretch our mountain water supplies.

March 12, 2018 | By: Jay Adams

The landscape is changing north of Denver where two old gravel pits in Adams County, Colorado, are slowly filling with water.

“These reservoirs have been 20 years in the making,” said Ryan Stitt, downstream reservoir program manager at Denver Water. “It’s taken a lot of planning and hard work, and we’re excited to see the water going in.”

Crews began filling Dunes and Tanabe Reservoirs, located near the South Platte River in Henderson, Colorado, on Feb. 13 and March 1. It’s all part of Denver Water’s Downstream Reservoir Water Storage Program, which reclaims sand and gravel mines and converts them into water storage facilities.

Brad Piede, Dam Safety Engineer, Denver Water, monitors the inaugural filling of Dunes Reservoir on Feb. 13, 2018.
Brad Piede, Denver Water dam safety engineer, monitors the inaugural filling of Dunes Reservoir on Feb. 13, 2018.

Tanabe was named after a longtime farmer in the area; Dunes gets its moniker from the nearby housing development.

“We bring water from the South Platte River through an irrigation ditch and a network of underground pipes to fill Dunes and Tanabe,” Stitt said. “It also takes a lot of careful planning to bring water into these reservoirs.”

Once the reservoirs reach full capacity, they will hold about 2.2 billion gallons of water total — enough to fill the Pepsi Center seven times.

“The goal of the downstream reservoirs is to be more efficient with our water supplies,” Stitt said. “Particularly the water we bring over from the West Slope.”

Denver Water gets half of its water supply from the Colorado River. Because that water is not native to the Front Range, Colorado laws allow the water to be reused multiple times after it’s gone through customers’ homes, been cleaned at a wastewater plant and released back to the river.

Denver Water began operating its first downstream reservoirs, located at the South Complex, in 2009. The South Complex includes Bambei-Walker and Welby Reservoirs. Dunes and Tanabe are part of the North Complex, which includes three other reservoirs along the South Platte River.

Two more gravel pits near Fort Lupton will be developed for water storage in the future. Once all nine reservoirs are completed, they will be able to store around 10.5 billion gallons of water.

Tanabe Reservoir on March 1, 2018, as water flows in for the first time. The reservoir is an old sand and gravel mine that has been converted into a water storage facility.
Tanabe Reservoir on March 1, 2018, when water flowed in for the first time. The reservoir is an old sand and gravel mine that has been converted into a water storage facility.

“Before we had these reservoirs, we weren’t able to make use of all of the reusable water available to Denver Water and it went down the South Platte River,” Stitt said. “Now we have new places to store it so that we can increase our water reuse.”

Once the water is in the reservoirs, Denver Water primarily uses it for water exchanges. Water exchanges are like trades between water users along the South Platte River.

“Exchanges are an efficient way for us to store water where we can access it, and ensures agricultural and municipal users downstream get the same amount of water they would have received ” Stitt said.

The North Complex reservoirs developed out of a partnership between Denver Water and the South Adams County Water and Sanitation District that began in 1996.

Denver Water does not currently use water in the reservoirs for its drinking water supply, but could develop a system to pump water to a treatment facility if needs change in the future. (Denver Water started evaluating this concept as an alternative when it began the permitting process for the Gross Reservoir Expansion Project.)

Dunes Reservoir on March 1, 2018. The reservoir will not be used for recreation and water levels will fluctuate throughout the year.
Dunes Reservoir on March 1, 2018. The reservoir will not be used for recreation and water levels will fluctuate throughout the year.

South Adams County will use a portion of the reservoirs’ total capacity to store and deliver its water supplies for exchanges, as well as to supplement its drinking water supply.

“The downstream reservoirs are vital to the current and future viability of our water resource plans and operations,” said Jim Jones, general manager for South Adams County Water and Sanitation District.

The reservoirs will not be used for recreation, and residents around Dunes and Tanabe can expect to see the water level rise in the winter and fall in the summer when Denver Water exchanges the water.

“These reservoirs are an important part of our long-term planning,” Stitt said. “We’re putting them to good use now and they’ll help us adapt to future demands to ensure a reliable water supply.”

6 thoughts on “Small reservoirs offer big benefits down the road”

    1. Hi Marilyn! Thank you for reading and for the question. These reservoirs have no impacts to junior water rights. This means all users with senior rights, including farmers, will get the water they are entitled to. Under Colorado law, water rights are administered in order of seniority, so if an agricultural user like a farmer has a more senior water right than a utility, the farmer gets their share of water first.

      In this case, in addition to our junior rights, we’re just reusing water that we have rights to, which does not take away any water supplies from downstream users, like farmers in eastern Colorado. Water availability is ultimately dependent on the water rights, snowpack and storage conditions specific to each water users.

    1. Thanks for reading and the comment, Robin! Denver Water is always looking for innovative projects and new technologies that can improve efficiency, encourage reuse and increase the water supply.

  1. We’ve noticed a drastic increase in mosquitoes in the dunes area this year, which aside from the obvious annoyance, brings concerns of disease being spread. Is the new breeding ground for mosquitoes being treated in any way?

    1. Thanks for your comment. Where applicable, Denver Water uses mosquito pellets, also known as larvicide, for targeted mosquito control on our properties. This method is effective in relatively small, still, standing bodies of water and kills the larvae before they hatch. The good news is that in bodies of water as large as these reservoirs, there is sufficient movement in the water to prevent larvae from surviving and these pellets aren’t needed. Denver Water does not use aerial pesticide spray for mosquitos. Mosquitos can be prevalent in Colorado and the number can vary from year to year. Tips for individuals to prevent and protect against mosquitos can be found by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) here. So long as it is in accordance with local regulations, homeowners or communities may also choose to pursue additional control methods, such as aerial pesticide spraying or integrated mosquito management.

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